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The Lengend of Chinese Tea Ancestor Lu Yu in Shaanxi

Shaanxi Peng Xiang Tea Corp., Ltd | Updated: May 12, 2017

The Chinese have consumed tea for thousands of years. The earliest physical evidence known to date, found in 2016, comes from the mausoleum of Emperor Jing of Han in Xi'an, indicating that tea was drunk by Han Dynasty emperors as early as the 2nd century BC.The samples were identified as tea from the genus Camellia particularly via mass spectrometry and written records suggest that it may have been drunk earlier. People of the Han Dynasty used tea as medicine (though the first use of tea as a stimulant is unknown). China is considered to have the earliest records of tea consumption,with possible records dating back to the 10th century BC.Note however that the current word for tea in Chinese only came into use in the 8th century AD, there are therefore uncertainties as to whether the older words used are the same as tea. The word tu 荼 appears in Shijing and other ancient texts to signify a kind of "bitter vegetable" (苦菜), and it is possible that it referred to a number of different plants, such as sowthistle, chicory, or smartweed, including tea.In theChronicles of Huayang, it was recorded that the Ba people in Sichuan presented tu to the Zhou king. The state of Ba and its neighbour Shu were later conquered by the Qin, and according to the 17th century scholar Gu Yanwu who wrote in Ri Zhi Lu (日知錄): "It was after the Qin had taken Shu that they learned how to drink tea."


The first known reference to boiling tea came from the Han dynasty work "The Contract for a Youth" written by Wang Bao where, among the tasks listed to be undertaken by the youth, "he shall boil tea and fill the utensils and "he shall buy tea at Wuyang".The first record of cultivation of tea also dated it to this period (Ganlu era of Emperor Xuan of Han) when tea was cultivated on Meng Mountain (蒙山) near Chengdu. From the Tang to the Qing dynasties, the first 360 leaves of tea grown here were picked each spring and presented to the emperor. Even today its green and yellow teas, such as the Mengding Ganlu tea, are still sought after.An unknown Chinese inventor was also the first person to invent a tea shredder.An early credible record of tea drinking dates to 220 AD, in a medical text Shi Lun (食论) by Hua Tuo, who stated, "to drink bitter t'u constantly makes one think better."Another possible early reference to tea is found in a letter written by the Qin Dynasty general Liu Kun.However, before the mid-8th century Tang dynasty, tea-drinking was primarily a southern Chinese practice.It became widely popular during the Tang Dynasty, when it was spread to Korea, Japan, and Vietnam.


Peng Xiang Tea as a traditional tea enterprise which located in the south of Shaanxi. The green tea which also called tradtional tea in Xixiang, as local tribute send to palace every year.